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Title [REGULAR PAPER] A Reconfigurable CMOS Power Amplifier Using Adaptive Biasing Technique for Wireless Monitoring Applications
Authors Chung-Ching Lin;Nahid Mirzaie;Ahmed Alzahmi;Gyung-Su Byun
Page pp.511-516
ISSN 1598-1657
Keywords CMOS integrated circuit; adaptive biasing; capacitance compensation; power amplifier; biomedical implant
Abstract A fully integrated CMOS power amplifier (PA) using the adaptive biasing technique for wireless monitoring is presented. The adaptive biasing scheme is employed to compensate the input capacitance of both driver stage and power stage. Utilizing the adaptive biasing technique along with the low loss 2:1 voltage-controlled switch can enable dual-modes operation and eliminate the nonlinear effect at the common source of the conventional PAs and inherently enable the PAs to become immune to the capacitive variation of transistors. In the driver bypass (DB) and high gain (HG) modes, the PA has achieved an output power (Pout) of 0 dBm, drain efficiency (DE) of 35.1% and 26% and the power gain of 1 dB, 9.6 dB, respectively, under 0.7 voltage supply. The PA is implemented in a 0.13 μm CMOS process with core area of 0.65 mm2.